Tourists take photos beside the Buddha Dordenma statue in the town of Thimphu, Bhutan Bhutan is introducing a “sustainable development fee”...

Tourists take photos beside the Buddha Dordenma statue in the town of Thimphu, Bhutan [File: Cathal McNaughton/Reuters]

Bhutan is introducing a “sustainable development fee” for regional tourists following a rise in Indian visitors that has sparked worries for the unique Himalayan kingdom’s cherished ecology.

The majority of tourists already cough up $250 a day in high season – including meals, transport, and accommodation – to visit the country of 750,000 people famous for putting happiness before economic growth and being carbon negative.

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But this “high value, low impact” strategy has come under strain in recent years because of a sharp rise in visitors from its southern neighbour India – who are exempt from the levy.

On Monday, Bhutan’s lower house of Parliament passed legislation meaning visitors from India, Bangladesh, and the Maldives have to pay a fee of 1,200 ngultrums ($16.85) a day from July.

In 2018, Bhutan received 200,000 visitors from countries in the region, up nearly 10 percent from 2017, sparking fears that it was becoming just another mass tourism destination.

India’s superstar cricket captain Virat Kohli did much to publicise Bhutan when he posted photos¬†on social media from a recent trip he took with his wife, Bollywood actress Anushka Sharma.

While India’s foremost celebrity couple, nicknamed collectively as “Virushka”, behaved themselves, others have not.

Last October an Indian biker caused outrage by clambering on top of a monument to pose for a photograph.

However, the chairman of Bhutan’s hotel and restaurants association, Sonam Wangchuk, voiced fears that newly built budget hotels accommodating the surge in Indian visitors would now go bust.

“We have shared our concerns and sentiments to the government. But despite that they still went ahead with the decision,” Wangchuk told AFP news agency.

Tandi Dorji, Bhutan’s foreign minister and Tourism Council head, said the government would consider fiscal incentives if the new fee affected the hotel sector.

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